“Harriet Tubman did not wait around for a proper measurement of how many slaves were in the South. Neither should we. The work needs to be done while we try to measure it.” —Timothy McCarthy, Harvard Kennedy School The Freedom Ecosystem, Monitor Deloitte/Deloitte Consulting LLP
Between December 7, 2007, and December 31, 2016, Polaris-operated hotlines received 32,208 cases of potential human trafficking and 10,085 potential cases of labor exploitation in the United States.
In 2013, Texas ranked second in the number of hotline calls made to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center.
Traffickers are highly attracted to Texas for several reasons: it has long corridors of un-tolled highways that run north/south and east/west, a border with Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico, large international airports, and a diversity of industries. The I-10 corridor that runs through Houston is considered one of the main trafficking routes in the United States. Both commercial sex trafficking and forced labor are more prevalent in Texas and the wider United States than you may realize.
As of 2016:
- As of 2016, there are approximately 79,000 minor and youth victims of sex trafficking in Texas.
- As of 2016, there are approximately 234,000 workers who are victims of labor trafficking in Texas.
- As of 2016, there are an estimated 313,000 victims of human trafficking in Texas.
- As of 2016, minor and youth sex trafficking costs the state of Texas approximately $6.6 billion. Traffickers exploit approximately $600 million from victims of labor trafficking in Texas.
The average age an American boy enters into forced prostitution: 11 – 13 years
Around the world, the sex trafficking of boys and men continues to be hidden and underreported, and there is a severe shortage of programs to meet their needs.
What male survivors lack:
- Housing: Access to housing that is safe and has resources to meet their unique needs. The use of homeless shelters is often inadequate for traumatized male survivors.
- Health: Access to a wide range of trauma-informed physical and mental health services, including alternatives to traditional care such as peer-to-peer counseling.
- Legal Support: Access to legal support to ensure male survivors are aware of their rights, have access to legal proceedings, and are assisted in contacting consular services from their home country and seeking compensation for lost wages and injuries and other forms of restitution.
- Employment Assistance: Access to employment assistance that includes education, skills training, and job placement.